Latvijas Skautu un Gaidu Centrālā Organizācija
Latvijas Skautu un Gaidu Centrālā Organizācija, (Latvian Scout and Guide Central Organisation), the primary national Scouting and Guiding organization of Latvia, became a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1993. The coeducational Latvijas Skautu un Gaidu Centrālā Organizācija has 543 members as of 2004.
The Latvian Scouting program is based on the principles and methods created by Robert Baden-Powell, which were forbidden by the Soviet government in 1940. The first Scout troop in Latvia was established on April 17, 1917 under tsarist Russia, by A. Bredemania (Bredemanis?) and other Scouts from Tartu, Estonia, followed by several other Scout troops in the Rīga area. The official founding of Scouting in Latvia is counted to be 1917.
The Latvian Scout Organization Latvijas Skautu Organizācija was established in 1921, and Latvia was a founding member of the World Organization, from 1922 to 1940.
In 1940, a special officer was appointed by the communists to abolish Scouting. Scouting continued unofficially and underground, operating without uniforms and in the forests to avoid detection. In 1941, the Communists killed the Latvian Scout President, Kārlis Goppers.
With the fall of communism, Scouting reemerged, and in 1989, the first Latvian Scout and Guide camp was organized. In 1990, Latvian Scouts held their fifth National Jamboree, "Renewal" and invited several other countries to participate.
Latvijas Skautu un Gaidu Centrālā Organizācija (the Latvian Scout and Guide Central Organization, LSGCO) rejoined the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) in 1993, as well as theWorld Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts. In 2003, there were 543 registered Scouts and 984 registered Guides.
Latvijas Skautu un Gaidu Centrālā Organizācija is the largest youth organization in Latvia. LSGCO's goal is to develop physical, mental, moral and social skills in Latvian youth and to develop a loyalty to Latvia. The main purpose is to recognize the needs and wants of Latvian youth and to encourage self development.
Ideals and principles
The organization is based on the following principles:
- Duty to God-encourage the fulfillment of their religion.
- Duty to others-to help other people, your nation and country
- Develop friendship and cooperation among all nations.
- Duty to oneself-being responsible for ones development.
The Scout and Guide Motto is "Esi Modrs", translating as "Be Prepared" in Latvian, the response to which is "Arvien Modra!", "Always Prepared!". The Little Fire Motto is "Centīšos!". The Latvian noun for a single Scout is Skauts.
Guide Oath (Gaidu solijums):
- Ar goda vārdu solos visiem spēkiem
- censties: būt uzticīga Dievam un
- Latvijai, palīdzēt tuvākajiem katrā
- brīdi, pildīt gaidu likumus.
- On my honor, I will do my best; to do my duty to God and Latvia, to help other people as all times and to obey the Scout/Guide Law.
- A Scout is trustworthy
- A Scout is loyal
- A Scout is helpful
- A Scout is friendly and courteous
- A Scout is kind
- A Scout is a friend to nature
- A Scout is obedient
- A Scout is brave and cheerful
- A Scout is thrifty
- A Scout is clean
- Cub Scouts/Guntina "Little Fire" or Brownies-7 to 11
- Scouts/Gaida or Guides-12 to 16
- Rovers/Lielgaida or Rangers-over 16
Gaidu likumi (Guide Law)
- Gaida ir patiesa
- Gaida ir uzticīga Tēvijai
- Gaida ir pašaizliedzīga un palīdzīga
- Gaida ir draudzīga un iecietīga
- Gaida ir pieklājīga
- Gaida ir dabas draudzene
- Gaida ir paklausīga
- Gaida ir moža grūtībās
- Gaida ir darbīga un taupīga
- Gaida ir tīra domās, vārdos un darbos.
Little Fire Promise:
- Censties gribu guntiņa
- Paklausīga, laba būt,
- Lai mirdz mans tikumiņš
- Kā mirdz spoža uguntiņa
Little Fire Law:
- Guntiņa klausa vecāko
- Guntiņa valda sevi
Other Latvian Scout organizations
- Other Latvian Scout organizations include the Katoļu Gaidu un Skautu Organizācija, belonging to the Union Internationale des Guides et Scouts d'Europe as a Christian-based Scout alternative, and File:Latviaindep.jpg several regionalized organizations.
- see also historic photos in the chapter "Notikumi"
Distilled from the official homepage of the Latvian Scout and Guide Organization (LSGCO) http://www.lsgco.bkc.lv/