Ethiopia Scout Association

From ScoutWiki, For Everyone, Everywhere involved with Scouting and Guiding...
Jump to navigation Jump to search
File:Ethiopia Scout Association membership badge.png
Membership badge of the Ethiopia Scout Association

The Ethiopia Scout Association is the national Scouting association of Ethiopia. The Scout movement was first introduced in Ethiopia circa 1933, however the association was forced to terminate its activities due to the Second Italo-Abyssinian War of 1935-1936. Scouting was revived in Ethiopia in 1948, when Scout activities gained a foothold in the schools of Ethiopia. Ethiopia was recognized as a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1969.

Ethiopia is also a former member of the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts, last mentioned in 1984, now part of the Ethiopia Scout Association.


Ethiopian Scouts assisted during the nation's droughts and famines in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as literacy campaigns and other community services. In the 1970s, Ethiopian Scouts established a new training and camping center at Lake Langano. The Ethiopia Scout Association enxperienced its second demise in the early 1970s, when the marxist military regime Derg dissolved the association and confiscated its properties and funds, under the accusation that the values of faith enshrined in the Scout promises were incompatible with the philosophy pursued by the new regime.

After twenty years of effort, with the emergence of the democratic system, and in accordance with the proclamation number 512/59, the Ethiopia Scout Association was re-established in 1995. The 35th World Scout Conference, convened in Durban, South Africa July 26-30, 1999, voted to remove Ethiopia from WOSM membership because the national Scout organization had ceased to exist (although earlier that year an Ethiopian contingent had attended the World Scout Jamboree in Chile). The Ethiopia Scout Association was readmitted to the WOSM at the World Scout Conference in Greece in July, 2002, the result of ten years effort by Father Renzo Mancin, the Chief Scout of Ethiopia, commissioners and other members of the Ethiopia Scout Association, who worked to get the association recognized again at the world level. Soon after this most recent recognition by WOSM, with the support of the Africa Regional Office, the Ethiopia Scout Association organized a number of training courses, and conducted recruitment drives and public relation activities.

Presently there are 3,650 Scouts (as of 2004), compared to 9,829 in 1972.

Program sections

  • Tadagi Scouts (Cub Scouts) age 7 to 11/12
  • Medebegha Scouts (Junior Scouts) age 11/12 to 15/17
  • Wotat Scouts (Venture Scouts) age 15/17 to 18/19
  • Awaki Scouts (Rover Scouts) age 18/19 to 25

When a Rover Scout leaves the crew after completing his/her 25th birthday, he/she can train to be a Scout leader and takes the title Golmassa.

International Scouting units in Ethopia

In addition, there are American Boy Scouts in Addis Ababa, linked to the Direct Service branch of the Boy Scouts of America, which supports units around the world.

See also

External links and references

  • Official Homepage
  • Scouting 'Round the World, World Scout Bureau, Geneva, Switzerland, 1977
Members of the Africa Scout Region
Full members: Angola | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde | Chad | Comoros | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Côte d'Ivoire | Ethiopia | Gabon | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Madagascar | Malawi | Mauritius | Mozambique | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | Rwanda | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | South Africa | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe

Potential members: Central African Republic | Republic of the Congo | Djibouti | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Guinea-Bissau | Mali | São Tomé e Príncipe | Somalia