Michiharu Mishima

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J. S. Wilson and Michiharu Mishima, Chief Scout of Japan, at the national training camp at Lake Yamanaka, on the slopes of Mount Fuji, December 1952

Count Michiharu Mishima (三島 通陽 Mishima Michiharu?, January 1, 1897 – April 20, 1965) was a novelist, playwright and drama critic. His pen name was Shōdō Mishima (三島 章道 Mishima Shōdō).

Early life

Mishima was born in Azabu, Tōkyō. His grandfather was Michitsune Mishima. His father was Yatarō Mishima, who was the 8th Governor of the Bank of Japan. His mother was Marquis Takauta Shijō (四条 隆謌 Shijō Takauta)'s third daughter, Kaneko (加根子). His younger sister was married to Yoshi Hijikata (土方 与志 Hijikata Yoshi).

He was a Peers School graduate.


Mishima was a member of the House of Peers and the House of Councillors and was parliamentary vice-minister to the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.


Mishima formed the nationwide Boy Scouts of Japan with Count Futara Yoshinori in 1922, with Shimpei Gotō at its helm. He was elected as Associate Board Chairman at age 25. He became the first president of the Boy Scout Association of Japan and also served as the head of the central training grounds. In 1941, he was awarded the Blue Ribbon MedalTemplate:Clarify for philanthropy. He held a Scouting exhibition in February 1946, the first of its kind since the end of World War II. In 1950, he transferred the Boy Scouts Association of Japan headquarters to his villa and home in West Nasuno, Tochigi Prefecture. This site is now a permanent camping grounds for the Boy Scouts of Japan known as the Nasuno Camping Grounds. In 1951, he was elected to serve as the fourth Chief Scout of Japan at the National General Assembly. J. S. Wilson presented the Wood Badge to Mishima, which he had earned at Gilwell Park after the Austrian World Scout Jamboree. In 1953, he received the (きじ章 kijishō)Template:Clarify from the Boy Scout Association of Japan for meritorious deeds and services. In 1961, he was awarded the Bronze Wolf by the World Organization of the Scout Movement for exceptional services to world Scouting. From February 25 to March 7, 1965, he wrote his serial Scout Jūwa (スカウト十話) for the Mainichi Shimbun, his final work. Mishima died on April 20, and a (日本連盟 Nippon Remmei) funeral service was held on April 24.

Mishima's handwriting can be found on the stone monument at 'Japan's First Boy Scout Camping Ground' on the banks of Lake Biwa in Omatsuzaki (Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture).


  • 和訳孟子 Wayaku Mōshi (1918, Daidōkan)
  • パトロールシステム Patrol System (1925, author Roland Philipps)
  • 少年団指揮者教範 Shōnendan Shikisha Kyōhan: Aids to Scoutmastership (author Robert Baden-Powell)
  • 満州及上海に正しき日本を観る 附国際聯盟と我裏南洋 Manshū Oyobi Shanhai ni Tadashiki Nihon o Miru: Fukokusai Remmei to Wagaura Nan'yō (1932, Tōgakusha)
  • 世界少年団劇集 Sekai Shōnendan Gekishū (1933, Boy Scouts Association of Japan)
  • 郊外健児教育 Kōgai Kenji Kyōiku (1933, author: ロアゾウ, Boy Scouts Association of Japan)
  • 日満健児工作 Nichiman Kenji Kōsaku (1934, Tōgakusha)
  • 伊太利は奮起した Itarii wa Funki Shita (1939, Jitsugyō no Nihon Sha)
  • 少年団概論 Shōnendan Gairon (1939, author: ロアゾウ, Kyōikukenkyūsha)
  • 世界児童劇集 附少年団劇集 Sekai Jidō Gekishū: Fushōnendan Gekishū (1940, Shōkasha)
  • 少年団指導の理念と実践 Shōnendan Shidō no Rinen to Jissen (1942, Sangakushobō)
  • 音なき交響曲 Otonaki Kōkyōkyoku (1958, Hōbunkan)
  • 十人百話-9 ボーイスカウト十話 Jūnin Hyakuwa-9: Boy Scout Jūwa (1965, Mainichi Shimbun)


  • 平和の勇士 Heiwa no Yūshi (1926, Film Institute of Social Education) monochrome, silent film



  • Japanese Wikipedia
Preceded by
Chief Scout of Japan
Succeeded by