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Difference between revisions of "Buntline hitch"

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The '''Buntline hitch''' is a [[knot]] used for attaching a [[rope]] to an object.  A secure and easily tied knot, it will jam when subjected to extreme loads.  Given this propensity for jamming it is often made in a slipped form which is much easier to release by hand, albeit bulkier and less [[Shipshape and Bristol fashion|shipshape]].  The Buntline hitch is formed by making a [[clove hitch]] around the standing part such that the second [[half-hitch]] is made on the side towards the object.
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The '''Buntline hitch''' is a [[knot]] used for attaching a [[rope]] to an object.  A secure and easily tied knot, it will jam when subjected to extreme loads.  Given this propensity for jamming it is often made in a slipped form which is much easier to release by hand, albeit bulkier and less shipshape.  The Buntline hitch is formed by making a [[clove hitch]] around the standing part such that the second [[half-hitch]] is made on the side towards the object.
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
 
[[Image:Buntline-hitch-ABOK-1711.jpg|thumb|Untightened Buntline hitch]]
 
[[Image:Buntline-hitch-ABOK-1711.jpg|thumb|Untightened Buntline hitch]]
Simple and effective, this hitch is likely very old.<ref name="histsci">J.C. Turner and P. van de Griend (ed.), ''The History and Science of Knots'' (Singapore: World Scientific, 1996), 28.</ref><ref name="tossguide">Brion Toss, ''Chapman's Nautical Guides: Knots'' (New York: Hearst Marine Books, 1990), 39.</ref>  It dates back at least to the [[age of sail]] when it was the knot used on [[Square rig|square-rigged]] ships to secure the [[Clewlines and buntlines|buntlines]] to the [[Parts_of_a_sail|foot]] of the [[sails]].<ref name="ashley225">Clifford W. Ashley, ''[[The Ashley Book of Knots]]'' (New York: Doubleday, 1944), 310.</ref>  That the Buntline hitch was the preferred knot speaks to its security and reliability.<ref name="tossguide"/><ref name="budcomp">Geoffrey Budworth, ''The Complete Book of Knots'' (London: Octopus, 1997), 51.</ref>  Once set, repeated jerking and slatting tend to tighten it further rather than loosening it.<ref name="pawpock">Des Pawson, ''Pocket Guide to Knots & Splices'' (Edison, NJ: Chartwell Books, Inc., 2002), 133.</ref>  Its compact size allowed the foot of the sail to be drawn up as closely as possible to the buntline [[Deadeye|deadeyes]] on top of the [[Yard (sailing)|yard]].
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Simple and effective, this hitch is likely very old.<ref name="histsci">J.C. Turner and P. van de Griend (ed.), ''The History and Science of Knots'' (Singapore: World Scientific, 1996), 28.</ref><ref name="tossguide">Brion Toss, ''Chapman's Nautical Guides: Knots'' (New York: Hearst Marine Books, 1990), 39.</ref>  It dates back at least to the age of sail when it was the knot used on [[Square rig|square-rigged]] ships to secure the [[Clewlines and buntlines|buntlines]] to the [[Parts of a sail|foot]] of the [[sails]].<ref name="ashley225">Clifford W. Ashley, ''[[The Ashley Book of Knots]]'' (New York: Doubleday, 1944), 310.</ref>  That the Buntline hitch was the preferred knot speaks to its security and reliability.<ref name="tossguide"/><ref name="budcomp">Geoffrey Budworth, ''The Complete Book of Knots'' (London: Octopus, 1997), 51.</ref>  Once set, repeated jerking and slatting tend to tighten it further rather than loosening it.<ref name="pawpock">Des Pawson, ''Pocket Guide to Knots & Splices'' (Edison, NJ: Chartwell Books, Inc., 2002), 133.</ref>  Its compact size allowed the foot of the sail to be drawn up as closely as possible to the buntline [[deadeye]]s on top of the [[Yard (sailing)|yard]].
  
 
It has gained in popularity in recent years due to its performance in slippery modern synthetic lines.<ref name="tossguide"/><ref name="pawpock"/>
 
It has gained in popularity in recent years due to its performance in slippery modern synthetic lines.<ref name="tossguide"/><ref name="pawpock"/>
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The slipped form is more versatile and convenient when a secure temporary hitch is needed.  For example, the slipped Buntline hitch is an excellent choice to fasten a line to one side of a vehicle's luggage rack, with a [[trucker's hitch]] being used on the other side to tension the line over a load placed between them.
 
The slipped form is more versatile and convenient when a secure temporary hitch is needed.  For example, the slipped Buntline hitch is an excellent choice to fasten a line to one side of a vehicle's luggage rack, with a [[trucker's hitch]] being used on the other side to tension the line over a load placed between them.
  
The Buntline hitch is the same knot as the '''[[four-in-hand knot]]''' used for [[necktie|neckties]].<ref name="pawpock"/>  When it is made in flat material in the manner used to fasten a necktie, the working end is brought more parallel to the standing part during tightening than generally seen when made in cylindrical cordage for load-bearing purposes.
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The Buntline hitch is the same knot as the '''[[four-in-hand knot]]''' used for [[necktie]]s.<ref name="pawpock"/>  When it is made in flat material in the manner used to fasten a necktie, the working end is brought more parallel to the standing part during tightening than generally seen when made in cylindrical cordage for load-bearing purposes.
  
 
== Tying ==
 
== Tying ==
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As noted in the sections above, the Buntline hitch is considered a very secure knot.  The turns of the clove hitch must progress ''towards'' the object, otherwise the much less secure [[two half-hitches]] will result.  Although not generally required, a [[round turn]] can first be made around the object causing the Buntline hitch to be even less prone to slipping.<ref name="ashley309">Ashley, 309.</ref>
 
As noted in the sections above, the Buntline hitch is considered a very secure knot.  The turns of the clove hitch must progress ''towards'' the object, otherwise the much less secure [[two half-hitches]] will result.  Although not generally required, a [[round turn]] can first be made around the object causing the Buntline hitch to be even less prone to slipping.<ref name="ashley309">Ashley, 309.</ref>
  
==References==
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== References ==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}

Latest revision as of 21:19, 7 January 2014

Buntline hitch
Buntline-hitches-header.jpg
Left: Buntline hitch
Right: Slipped buntline hitch
Names Buntline hitch, Studding sail tack bend
Category hitch
Related Clove hitch, Two half-hitches, Lobster buoy hitch
Releasing Jamming
ABoK #55, #397, #1229, #1711, #1838, #1847, #1918, #2408


The Buntline hitch is a knot used for attaching a rope to an object. A secure and easily tied knot, it will jam when subjected to extreme loads. Given this propensity for jamming it is often made in a slipped form which is much easier to release by hand, albeit bulkier and less shipshape. The Buntline hitch is formed by making a clove hitch around the standing part such that the second half-hitch is made on the side towards the object.

History

Untightened Buntline hitch

Simple and effective, this hitch is likely very old.[1][2] It dates back at least to the age of sail when it was the knot used on square-rigged ships to secure the buntlines to the foot of the sails.[3] That the Buntline hitch was the preferred knot speaks to its security and reliability.[2][4] Once set, repeated jerking and slatting tend to tighten it further rather than loosening it.[5] Its compact size allowed the foot of the sail to be drawn up as closely as possible to the buntline deadeyes on top of the yard.

It has gained in popularity in recent years due to its performance in slippery modern synthetic lines.[2][5]

Usage

Untightened slipped Buntline hitch

The Buntline hitch is useful for attaching lines to rings, eyes, posts, rods, and railings where a compact and secure knot is required. The non-slipped form is appropriate for moderate loads or where the knot will not need to be untied often.[6] If heavily loaded it can be difficult or impossible to untie without the aid of a marlinspike.[2]

The slipped form is more versatile and convenient when a secure temporary hitch is needed. For example, the slipped Buntline hitch is an excellent choice to fasten a line to one side of a vehicle's luggage rack, with a trucker's hitch being used on the other side to tension the line over a load placed between them.

The Buntline hitch is the same knot as the four-in-hand knot used for neckties.[5] When it is made in flat material in the manner used to fasten a necktie, the working end is brought more parallel to the standing part during tightening than generally seen when made in cylindrical cordage for load-bearing purposes.

Tying

Buntline-diagram.png

The Buntline hitch is simply a clove hitch tied around the standing part, with the turns of the clove hitch progressing towards the object.

Slipped variation

Slipped-buntline-hitch.png

The slipped variation is made by passing a bight through on the final step instead of the end. To release, pull the bight back through knot by tugging firmly on the free end.

Security

As noted in the sections above, the Buntline hitch is considered a very secure knot. The turns of the clove hitch must progress towards the object, otherwise the much less secure two half-hitches will result. Although not generally required, a round turn can first be made around the object causing the Buntline hitch to be even less prone to slipping.[7]

References

  1. J.C. Turner and P. van de Griend (ed.), The History and Science of Knots (Singapore: World Scientific, 1996), 28.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Brion Toss, Chapman's Nautical Guides: Knots (New York: Hearst Marine Books, 1990), 39.
  3. Clifford W. Ashley, The Ashley Book of Knots (New York: Doubleday, 1944), 310.
  4. Geoffrey Budworth, The Complete Book of Knots (London: Octopus, 1997), 51.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Des Pawson, Pocket Guide to Knots & Splices (Edison, NJ: Chartwell Books, Inc., 2002), 133.
  6. Brion Toss, The Complete Rigger's Apprentice (Camden: International Marine, 1998), 54.
  7. Ashley, 309.