Scouting and Guiding in Australia

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The Scout and Guide movement in Australia consists of

Scout-like youth organisations and non-aligned Scouting organisations

  • Hashomer Hatzair Australia[5].
  • Royal Rangers Australia, affiliated to Royal Rangers International[6]
  • Salvation Army Guarding and Legion Activities (SAGALA), a Scout like programme for young people between 5 and 18[7][8]

International Scout and Guide units in Australia

A number of "Scouting-in-exile" organizations, from Ukraine, Baltic States, Russia, Hungary and Poland, were formed in the 1940s. Other exile associations were formed in 1950s. Groups from the Hellenic Scouts and the Maltese Scouts organizations also formed during the 1950s.


Scouting started in Australia with some individual troops in Western Australia and Victoria in 1907. CHUMS Scout Patrols started forming in Australia in 1908 due to the circulation of CHUMS publication there. R.C. Packer and the Sunday Times in 1908 supported the formation of the Legion of Boy Scouts.

The Boy's Brigade launched their Scouts program in 1909. Troops under the British Boy Scouts (BBS) program began Australian operations in 1909. Other Scouting organizations formed in 1909 were: Imperial Boy Scouts, Church Scout Patrols program of the Anglican Church Lads' Brigade, Australian League of Boy Scouts Queensland, Girl Peace Scouts and YMCA Scouts.[18]

In 1910 th CHUMS Scout Patrols merged with the BBS. Also in July 1910, the Australian Boy Scouts was started. With affiliation to the United Kingdom's Boy Scouts Association.

The Australian League of Boy Scouts Queensland renamed itself to League of Baden-Powell Boy Scouts, Queensland Section and again in 1914 to Boy Scout's Association, Queensland Section. The Australian Boy Scouts had merged with the Imperial Boy Scouts to become Australian Imperial Boy Scouts (A.I.B.S.) by 1912.

In 1912, the Gippsland Boy Scout Association was formed and affiliated with the A.I.B.S. The Church Scout Patrols ceased activities by 1912 while the League of Boy Scouts had stopped operating around 1914. A part of the Girl Peace Scouts joined the V.A.D.s during World War I.[18]

Baden-Powell's scouting organization finally extended itself to Australia almost five years after founding, known as the Baden-Powell Boy Scouts in 1914. Its New South Wales Section formed that year. Additional sections were formed over the years: Tasmanian, South Australia and West Australia (1920/1921), Victorian (1923), and the Queensland Branch in 1926 with the merger of the Boy Scout's Association, Queensland Section.

Another part of the Girl Peace Scouts joined the Girl Guides in the 1920s. Norfolk Island Boy Scouts formed in 1922. The Methodist Boy Scouts (W.A.) associated with Boy Scouts Association after 1924. The Boys' Brigade Scouts program ended in 1927 while the Catholic Boy Scouts' Association formed the same year.[18]

Norfolk Island Boy Scouts signed up with The Boy Scouts Association in May 1930. The final Girl Peace Scouts troop ceased operating in 1935. During World War II, the Australian I.B.S. disbands. Girl Guides were started on Norfolk Island, Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands in 1927.[19]

For more than 30 years, Scouting was coordinated by the Australian Federal Scout Council, which functioned as a Branch of the British Boys Scout Association. In 1958 the adjuration of the Australian Boys Scout Association took place[18] and in 1967 the national organisation was incorporated by Royal Charter.[20] The public name of the association was changed to the Scout Association of Australia in 1971, when girls were first admitted, although the official name was not changed until 2001, when the Royal Charter was amended through an Act of Parliament. The Organisation is now known as 'Scouts Australia', however its formal title remains The Scout Association of Australia.

The 1st Devonport Scouts went independent in 1981, leaving the YMCA Scouts.

The Blue Boy Scouts

The Blue Boy Scouts of Mt. Morgan, Queensland went independent in 1939 after being a part of the Boys' Brigade Scouts from 1910 to 1927 and affiliated League of Boy Scouts over the same period; then a part of the Boy Scout Association from 1934.[18] The Blue Boy Scouts ceased operations in 1957.[18][21]

Life Saving Scouts

In 1923, the Life Saving Scouts were formed by the Salvation Army. The Salvation Army Life Saving Scouts were replaced with the Boy's Legion in 1970s.

Baden-Powell Movement in Australia

The Baden-Powell Movement in Australia was established in Australia in May 1984. In January 1990 they became legally incorporated in South Australia. The Baden-Powell Movement in Australia is independent of Scouts Australia. The Movement started in Australia in two isolated places, each without the knowledge of the other. The earlier one was in Tasmania, the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association (Tasmania) Inc. which formed in 1982, and the other was in Adelaide. The Movement in South Australia now has about 500 members, comprising three groups in the metropolitan Adelaide area. The 1st Devonport Scouts affiliated with the Baden-Powell Scouts in 1985. The one group of about 40 in Tasmania is also part of the association. There are 6 groups in New South Wales and 1 in Queensland. The Baden-Powell Movement in Australia has a number of sections catering for a wide age range. These are Joeys, Cubs and Venturers.[22]

Independent Australian Scouts

Australia BBS activities continued until 1950, while members continue to exist in the organization to present date.

The Independent Australian Scouts, also known as Scouts of Australia, is an organization that was founded in 1986, becoming an affiliate and successor to British Boy Scouts in Australia.[18]


  1. "About Us". Australian Fellowship of Former Scouts and Guides. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  2. "About Us". Guides Australia. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  3. "The Order of World Scouts Story". The British Boy Scouts and British Girl Scouts Association. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  4. "International Office". Scouts Australia. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  5. "Hashomer Hatzair Australia". Hashomer Hatzair Australia. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  6. "Rangers Australia". Rangers Australia. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  7. "Children's activities". The Salvation Army. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  8. "SAGALA — Youth and Children's Ministries". The Salvation Army. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  9. "Our Troops, by Region and City". Hungarian Scouts Association in Exteris. Retrieved 2008-02-04. 
  10. "NATIONAL ORGANISATION OF RUSSIAN SCOUTS Who Are We ? Part of the Russian- Australian Community". National Organisation of Russian Scouts. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  11. "Welcome to Homenetmen Australia Regional website". Homenetmen Australia Regional. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  12. "Scouting Group". Hamazkaine Nayiri Chapter and H.M.E.M Ararat Branch of Sydney, Australia. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  13. "Plast — Ukrainian Scouting Organisation in Australia". PLAST. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  14. "Header". ZHP in Australia Inc. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  15. "Vietnamese Scouting in Australisa". Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  16. "Sponsorship package for the 9th international Jamboree of Vietnamnese Scouting" (pdf). the 9th international Jamboree of Vietnamese Scouting. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  17. "Riga (102) Scout Group". Daina Gross. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 18.6 "Australian Scout History". Dorset, England, UK: The British Boy Scouts and British Girl Scouts Association. 1997. Retrieved 2008-10-07. 
  19. TrefoilNet History
  20. Scout Association Act - amendments to 2003 Accessed 14 December 2006
  21. Mount Morgan "Blue" Boy Scouts
  22. "The Baden-Powell Scouting Movement In Australia". Baden-Powell Scouts in Australia. Retrieved 2008-09-13.