Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia
|Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia|
The Scouts Association of Malaysia
|Country||Template:Country data Malaysia Malaysia|
|Founded||1 September 1957|
Dato' Seri Shafie b. Salleh |
Dato' Kaharudin b.Momin
Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia (The Scouts Association of Malaysia) is an organisation for boys and girls between the ages of 10 and 17, based in Malaysia. Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia (PPM) is part of the global Scouting movement and national member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM). It is the only uniformed body in Malaysia to have been established and officially regulated by an act of parliament through the Scouts Association Of Malaysia (Incorporation) Act 1968.
- See also: The Singapore Scout Association
Scouting was first introduced in Singapore in 1908, but was officially founded on July 2, 1910, when young Scoutmaster Frank Cooper Sands arrived in Singapore from Nottingham and established two Boy Scout troops in Singapore for the children of the British colonists. From there, the movement spread to other parts of the Straits Settlements and what were to become the states of Malaysia. Sands spent the next 40 years helping to create Scouting in the region, and is often called the "Father of Malayan Scouting".
In 1974, Datuk Syed Hashim bin Abdullah was awarded the Bronze Wolf, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, awarded by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting. Other recipients include Tan Sri Kamarul Ariffin bin Mohd Yassin in 1983.
Founding of Scouting in the States of Malaysia
The founding of Scouts movements in the states of Malaysia were, by date and founder
- 1913 - Sabah, by Reverend Thomas Cecil Alexander in Sandakan. (See Here)
- 1915 - Penang, by H.R. Cheeseman of the Penang Free School
- 1915 - Sarawak, by Reverend Thomas Cecil Alexander in Kuching (active only from 1930 onwards). (See Here)
- 1922 - Kedah, by E.C. Hicks, E.A.G. Stuart, R.P.S. Walker and C.W. Bloomfield.
- 1926 - Perak, by I.R. Wheeler at Malay College Kuala Kangsar.
- 1926 - Melaka, by R. Brunstone in Malacca.
- 1926 - Negeri Sembilan, by R. Brunstone, Bird and Roger Smith.
- 1926 - Selangor, by Ameen Akbar.
- 1927 - Terengganu, by A.J. Gracle.
- 1927 - Kelantan, by Y.M. Tengku Ahmad Temenggong.
- 1928 - Johor, by H.R. Cheeseman in the English College (now Maktab Sultan Abu Bakar).
- 1931 - Perlis, by Bird and Roger Smith.
- Pahang, by G.M. Laidlow in Pekan, restored in 1927 by H.P. Hertslet
A Junior scout's uniform consists of a short-sleeve (girls wear long sleeves) grey shirt, with two pockets with buttons on the left and right breast, the official neckerchief, the forage cap, navy-blue pants, the official bronze belt, navy-blue socks and black canvas shoes with laces. A miniature Malaysian flag is stitched on the right breast pocket and the Tenderfoot badge stitched on the left one. The neckerchief, with red, white and blue stripes, is worn about the collar, fastened with the official woggle. The forage cap has a badge with the Malaysian scout emblem on one side.
On the left sleeve are one's patrol's name and merit badges. On the right sleeve is one's state, district, and troop number. The advancement badge is sewn below the troop number when a Junior Scout earns it. Depending on a Junior Scout's rank and/or badges, he/she may be allowed to wear a lanyard.
A Senior Scout's uniform is the same as the Junior Scout's except for the position of badges. The King's Scout badge is worn on the left sleeve, five centimetres below the patrol badge. On the left sleeve is one's patrol's name, and one's advancement badges. The Senior Scout's have up to five advancement badges. Once taken, the Senior Scout will go on to become a King's Scout. The King's Scout badge is worn 5 centimeters below the patrol badge in place of all the 5 Senior Badges.
A Leader's (Rovers/Scoutmasters) uniform is the same as the Junior Scouts with the exception of the badges sewn and the epaulets worn. Rovers wear red epaulets while Assistant Scoutmasters through the Chief Scout wear blue epaulets bearing different symbols. A Rover Crew may make its own Crew emblem and the one can sew it on the right sleeve below the Crew Letter. The uniform also includes a picture of Paul Fredin. The advancement badges for Rovers are worn on the left breast, below the Rover badge, while the miniature King's Scout Badge is worn on the right sleeve.
Creed and Rank Advancement
The Scout Oath is:
Bahawa dengan sesungguhnya saya berjanji dan bersetia, yang saya dengan seberapa daya upaya, saya akan:
- taat kepada Tuhan, Raja dan Negara
- menolong orang pada setiap masa
- menurut undang-undang penangkap
(translated from Malay):
On my honour I promise that I will do my best,
- to do my duty to God, King and country
- to help others at all times
- to obey the Scout Laws
The Scout Laws are (translated from Malay):
- A Scout is to be trusted and have self dignity.
- A Scout loyal towards the King and other Rajas, towards the Scout Masters, parents, employer and the people under him.
- A Scout is to make himself useful and helpful at all times.
- A Scout is a friend to all of any States, rank or any other religion.
- A Scout is good and kind and will always do good.
- A Scout is good and kind to animals.
- A Scout always follow his parents',Leaders' orders without any questions.
- A Scout is always patient and smile during difficulties.
- A Scout is thrifty.
- A Scout is clean and pure of thoughts, words and actions.
Scout Sign and Salute
To do the scout sign, the middle three fingers of the right hand are raised and the thumb covering the little finger, with the upper arm held horizontally and the forearm vertically. The three raised fingers represent the three fundamental parts of the Scout Promise, and the thumb over the little finger represents the strong protecting the weak. The scout sign is used whenever pledging the Scout Promise.
To do the scout salute, do the scout sign and then the middle finger is moved till it touches the right eyebrow.
Regardless of which unit one is a member of, one must pass the Keahlian (Tenderfoot) test before being eligible for any other badges. This test examines one on one's qualifications to become a scout, testing one on the scout uniform, scout emblems, scout oath, Scout Laws, scout salute and sign, the history of scouting, and basic knot-tying, such as tying a reef knot.
For Pengakap Kanak-Kanak (Cub Scouts), one may receive the Keris Gangsa (Bronze Dagger) badge, Keris Perak (Silver Dagger) badge and Keris Emas (Gold Dagger) badge. The dagger or Keris is a malay dagger used as an official weapon by the royalty. One must attain all preceding badges before qualifying for the next one. One may also receive various merit badges.
For Pengakap Muda (Junior Scout), one may receive the Usaha (Third Class) badge, Maju (Second Class) badge and Jaya (First Class) badge. One must attain all preceding badges before qualifying for the next one. One can also receive a total of eight merit badges; two for hobbies, three for knowledge, and another three for service. Once one has met certain conditions, one can receive the Rambu Pengakap Muda (Junior Scout Lanyard) which is green in colour.
For Pengakap Remaja (Senior Scout), one may receive Jaya Diri (Independence) badge, Kemahiran (Skills) badge, Kegiatan (Activities) badge, Ekspedisi (Expedition) badge and Perkhidmatan (Service) badge. Again, once one has met certain conditions, one can receive the Rambu Pengakap Remaja (Senior Scout Lanyard).
Once one has obtained the Rambu Pengakap Muda and Rambu Pengakap Remaja, one is eligible to become a Pengakap Raja (King's Scout). The qualified candidate will hand in his/her application form to the district commissioner together with his/her logbooks and certs (of all badges received). He/she will be evaluated and made to undergo a Ujian Sikap Pengakap Raja (King Scout Code of Conduct Examination) which consists of 5 components which are Tanggungjawab (Responsibility), Pengembaraan (Expedition), Perkhidmatan Masyarakat (Community Service), Kegiatan (Activity), and Berdikari (Independence). This evaluation is either done in a camp (3 days 2 nights) organized by the district or state level or done as part of a 5 day 4 night expedition. Either way, all the 5 components are covered.
Once a candidate passed the Ujian Sikap Pengakap Raja, he/she qualifies for the Pentarafan Pengakap Raja (King Scout Standardization Camp), a 3 day 2 nights organized by his/her respective Lembaga Pentaraf Negeri(State King Scout Standardizers).
Pentarafan Pengakap Raja involves solo camping and making campcraft (minimum 20 gadgets), pioneering, first aid, foot and stave drills, backwoodsman cooking and handicraft making.Then the Calon Pengakap Raja (King's Scout Candidate) will receive a Rambu Pengakap Raja (Bushman's Thong ) which is self-made. Once one has passed, the pretigious Sijil Pengakap Raja (King Scout certificate) which is signed by every king/sultan from all 9 states of Malaysia as well as signed and presented personally by the Sultan of the state in which one passed his test, at the palace.
A troop is divided into several patrols, each with its own patrol leader and assistant patrol leader. A committee called the Patrol Leaders Council plans all the troop's activities, with guidance from the troop's scoutmaster(s). The Patrol Leaders Council consists of all the patrol leaders and their assistants if the council is too small. From the Patrol Leader's Council, Patrol Leaders are elected to become the Troop Leader, Assistant Troop Leader, Secretary, Treasurer and Quartermaster. This committee is called the Court of Honour and is the most exclusive committee in a troop. The posts mentioned are the least a troop can have. Besides the above mentioned posts, other posts such as Discipline Officer, Den warden, Librarian, IT Director, Historian and much more can be added if the need should arise.
A patrol itself, besides its patrol leader and assistant patrol leader, has a secretary for taking down the details of a patrol meeting, has a treasurer for recording the financial matters and has a quartermaster for taking care of the patrol's equipment. During camp, the quartermaster becomes the equipment quartermaster, and a food quartermaster is appointed. The secretary becomes assistant patrol leader if the patrol leader or assistant patrol leader does not show up for a meeting.
International Scouting units in Malaysia
- ScoutNet Malaysia
- Ke Arah Mendapatkan Anugerah Pengakap Raja (Path To Achieve The King's Scout Award)
Members of the Asia-Pacific Scout Region
Full members: Australia | Bangladesh | Bhutan | Brunei | Republic of China (Taiwan) | Fiji | Hong Kong | India | Indonesia | Japan | Kiribati | South Korea | Malaysia | Maldives | Mongolia | Nepal | New Zealand | Pakistan | Papua New Guinea | Philippines | Singapore | Sri Lanka | Thailand