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Carrick bend

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Carrick bend
A fully interwoven diagonally opposed Carrick bend
Names Carrick bend, Double Carrick Bend, Double Coin Knot, Ten Accord Knot, Bosun's Knot, Basketweave Knot, Chinese Knot, Napoleon Knot, Josephine Knot, Boatswain's Lanyard, Whistle Lanyard, Sailor's Breastplate Knot, Pretzel Knot, Wake Knot
Related Single carrick bend, Diamond knot
ABoK #1428, #1439


The Carrick bend is a knot used for joining two lines. It is particularly appropriate for very heavy rope or cable that is too large and stiff to easily be formed into other common bends.[1][2] It will not jam even after carrying a significant load or being soaked with water.[3] The Carrick bend's aesthetically pleasing interwoven and symmetrical shape has also made it popular for decorative purposes.

Etymology

This knot's name dates back to at least 1783 when it was used by M. Lescallier in Vocabulaire des Termes de Marine.[1] Its origins prior to that are not known with certainty. There are several possible explanations for the name "Carrick" being associated with this bend. The Elizabethan era plasterwork of Ormonde Castle in Carrick-on-Suir shows numerous Carrick bends molded in relief. Or the name may come from Carrick Roads — a large natural anchorage by Falmouth in Cornwall, England. The name may also have been derived from the Carrack, a medieval type of ship.[4]

Variations

The eight crossings within the Carrick bend allow for many similar looking knots to be made. The lines in a "full" or "true" Carrick bend alternate between over and under at every crossing. There are also two ways the ends can emerge from the knot: diagonally opposed or from the same side. The form with the ends emerging diagonally opposed is considered more secure.[1]

Unfortunately, with so many permutations, the Carrick bend is prone to being tied incorrectly.[3]

Capsized

The Carrick bend is generally tied in a flat interwoven form and without additional measures it will capsize (collapse) under load into a stable but bulky form. This capsized form is more convenient to make, but is likely to be more difficult to untie than when seized.

Seized

Seized Carrick Bend, Round seizing on left, multiple tight double constrictor knots on right.

In the interest of making the Carrick bend easier to untie, especially when tied in extremely large rope, the ends may be seized to prevent the knot from collapsing when load is applied. This practice also keeps the knot's profile flatter and can ease its passage over capstans or winches.[5]

The ends are traditionally seized to their standing part using a Round seizing. For expediency, a series of double constrictor knots, drawn very tight, may also be used.[2] When seizing the Carrick bend, both ends must be secured to their standing parts or the bend will slip.

Decorative uses

Decorative form made with doubled lines

In the decorative variation, both standing ends enter from one side and both working ends exit from the other. In this configuration the knot is known as the Josephine knot (macrame) or double coin knot (Chinese knotting). This form of the Carrick bend is found depicted in heraldry, sometimes with the tails of heraldic serpents woven (or "nowed") into this knot.[6]

The knot can be tied using doubled lines for an even flatter, more elaborate appearance.

Security

The fully interwoven diagonal Carrick bend is the most secure variation. All other forms are inferior[3] and not recommended as bends.[1] Given the possibility of tying the Carrick bend incorrectly, it is important to carefully check the knot each time it is tied.

Although the Carrick bend has a reputation for strength, some tests have shown it to be as weak as 65% efficiency.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Geoffrey Budworth, The Complete Book of Knots (London: Octopus, 1997), 43.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Brion Toss, Chapman's Nautical Guides: Knots (New York: Hearst Marine Books, 1990), 79-80.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Clifford W. Ashley, The Ashley Book of Knots (New York: Doubleday, 1944), 262-263.
  4. Geoffrey Budworth, The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Knots (London: Hermes House, 1999), 60.
  5. Des Pawson, Pocket Guide to Knots & Splices (Edison, NJ: Chartwell Books, Inc., 2002), 114-115.
  6. J.C. Turner and P. van de Griend (ed.), The History and Science of Knots (Singapore: World Scientific, 1996), 388.

External links