Local council (Boy Scouts of America)
In the Boy Scouts of America, areas are divided into local councils, which receive a charter from the National Council. The vast bulk of councils of the Boy Scouts of America have gone through many name changes, merges, splits and re-creations since the concept was introduced in the 1910s. A council's chief officer is the Scout executive (sometimes called the council executive), a paid employee, who administers a staff of professional Scouters. The council president, a volunteer, serves as the chairman of a volunteer board of directors. The council commissioner, also a volunteer, coordinates the efforts of trained volunteers who provide direct service to the units. These three officials together are known as the "Key 3."
The BSA maintains two councils for Scouts who live overseas, largely on military bases in Europe and Asia. The Transatlantic Council, headquartered in Germany, serves US Scouts in much of Europe, and the Far East Council, headquartered in Japan, serves several nations in the western Pacific. The Direct Service branch makes the Scouting program available to US citizens and their dependents living in countries outside these jurisdictions or in isolated areas. The Hawaiian Aloha Council also services the American territories of American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Marianas Islands and provides Scouting to the sovereign countries of the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands and Palau.